AskDefine | Define Mongolian

Dictionary Definition

Mongolian adj
1 of or relating to the modern Mongolian People's Republic; "the Mongolian embassy"
2 of or relating to the region of Mongolia or its people or their languages or cultures; "the Mongol invaders"; "a Mongolian pony"; "Mongolian syntax strongly resembles Korean syntax" [syn: Mongol]

Noun

1 a member of the nomadic peoples of Mongolia [syn: Mongol]
2 a family of Altaic language spoken in Mongolia [syn: Mongolic, Mongolic language]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

Originally from Mongol + -ian, a translation of the German mongalisch (1706). Subsequently, from the name of the country of Mongolia + -an.

Adjective

  1. Of or relating to Mongolia or its peoples, languages, or cultures = Mongol.
    • 1706 - Evert Y. Ides: Three years travels from Moscow over-land to China...
    • He had a Sister, which according to the Mongalian custom lived in the devoted spiritual state.
    • 1878 - Encyclopedia Britannica, ninth edition, volume XVI
      The Mongolian characters...are written perpendicularly from above downward.
    • 1985 - Robert Whelan: Robert Capa: A Biography
      He usually had a heavy growth of dark stubble that made him look...rather like a Mongolian bandit.
  1. Anthropology. Resembling or having some of the characteristic physical features of the Mongoloid racial type = Mongoloid.
    • 1828 - John Stark: Elements of natural history
      The Mongolian variety inhabits eastern Asia, Finland, and Lapland in Europe, and includes the Esquimaux of North America.
    • 1834 - Penny cyclopædia of the Society for the diffusion of useful knowledge, volume II
      The white (or Caucasian), the yellow (or Mongolian), and the black (or Ethiopian)
    • 1990 - Louis de Bernières: ''The War of Don Emmanuel's Nether Parts
      It was not so much their Mongolian features that impressed everyone...
  2. In the context of "now|_|rare|offensive": Designating or affected with Down syndrome = Mongol.
    Spelling: Also mongolian.
    • 1866 - John Langdon Haydon Down in Clinical lectures and reports by the medical and surgical staff of the London Hospital, volume II
      The Mongolian type of idiocy occurs in more than ten per cent. of the cases which are presented to me.
    • 1965 - H. Eldon Sutton: An introduction to human genetics
      The condition known as trisomy 21 syndrome or mongolian idiocy (sometimes referred to as Down's syndrome) had long been an enigma.

Translations

of or relating to Mongolia or its peoples, languages, or cultures
resembling or having some of the characteristic physical features of the Mongoloid racial type
See Mongoloid
designating or affected with Down syndrome
See Mongol and Mongoloid

Noun

  1. A native or inhabitant of Mongolia = Mongol.
    • 1757 - John Dyer: The fleece, a poem (1807)
      The Cossac there, The Calmuc, and Mungalian, round the bales In crowds resort.
    • 1763 - John Bell: A journey from St. Petersburg to Pekin
      This day we saw some scattered tents of Mongalians, with their flocks.
    • 1854 - Robert G. Latham in Orr's Circle of the sciences: Organic nature
      The Mongolians are the most nomadic of populations.
    • 1990 - New Scientist, September 1
      Mongolians now regard animal husbandry as a low-status occupation.
  2. A group of Altaic languages from Mongolia, specifically Khalkha, the official language of Mongolia.
    • 1926 - Neville J. Whymant: A Mongolian Grammar
      The Khalka...Mongolian possesses seven vowels and twenty consonants.
    • 1987 - David Crystal: The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Language
      The Altaic family...comprises about 40 languages, classified into three groups: Turkic, Mongolian, and Manchu-Tungus.
    • 1990 - Orientations, April
      These inscriptions are in Mongolian and thus widen the appliqué's international connections.
  3. A person of Mongoloid physical type; a Mongoloid.
    • 1823 - North American Revolution, July
      A particular individual which the latter considered a Mongolian and the former assures us is an Ethiopian.
    • 1938 - Franz Boas, et al.: General Anthropology
      Extreme forms like the Australians, Negroes, Mongolians, and Europeans may be described as races because each has certain characteristics which set them off from other groups, and which are strictly hereditary.
    • 1988 - Current Anthropology, volume 29
      The thesis of this work was that native Americans were one race distinct from Eskimos and Mongolians.

Translations

native or inhabitant of Mongolia
group of languages from Mongolia
person of Mongoloid physical type

Extensive Definition

The term Mongolian can refer to:
Also, the terms "mongoloid" and "mongolism" were once used to describe, respectively, individuals with Down's syndrome and the syndrome itself. These terms are nowadays generally considered pejorative and inappropriate.
Mongolian in Mongolian: Монгол (салаа утга)
Mongolian in Portuguese: Mongol
Mongolian in Thai: มองโกเลีย (แก้ความกำกวม)
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